Bonsai is associated with Zen philosophy, related to Buddhist culture. Nowadays its mostly used for aesthetic and decoration purposes.
So, A natural & beautiful bonsai has lots of aesthetic value and market value also. Only proper taking care of bonsai gives you a desired shape and size. But how to take care of the bonsai tree and what are the types of bonsai tree style? Most asked questions which I will answer today
Taking care of a bonsai tree is a very easy task if you go in the right ways. It needs a lot of attention like the relationship.
How to Take Care of a Bonsai Tree?
Placement of Bonsai Tree
Mainly placement of your bonsai depends on the climate of your region, time of year, and tree species.
Moreover, in the summer, bonsai should be placed outside where it will get enough sunlight. Morning sun and afternoon shade are preferred for a bonsai. Try placing it in your backyard for the best results.
On the other hand, In winter, It should bring your bonsai inside. Keep in mind to placement inside that it could get minimum sunlight half of the day. It must be placed 3 or 4 feet high above the ground for getting visual advantages.
Bonsai Soil Mixer
Loamy soil is most suitable for bonsai.
Compost, vermicompost, brick powder, sand, molasses, terracotta powder, cow manure, ashes should be mixed with your bonsai soil. You must consider that your bonsai soil must allow for proper aeration and proper drainage.
Here are our favorite picks – Bonsai Tree Soil – Two Quarts All-Purpose Blend Bonsai Soil Mix
The plant should be watered by watering cane on the bottom soaking method only when the soil surface is slightly dried.
But the Noticeable thing is that the soil never becomes dry completely.
Don’t maintain a routine. Because sometimes the plant doesn’t need water.
Before watering you must check with your finger inserted into the soil. It’s a better idea to use a good soil moisture meter (our pick: XLUX T10 Soil Moisture Sensor Meter).
Fertilizer for Bonsai
Your bonsai fertilizer should have N, P, K to the specified ratio.
Those three elements are necessary for growth, root formation, and healthy development of your bonsai.
Though you know that the fertilizer is suitable for your bonsai but over-fertilizing is terrible.
Here is our recommended best fertilizer for bonsai-
Adjust the amount of water and fertilizer depending on the season and the development stages of the bonsai. Here are the tips-
Maintenance of Bonsai in the Spring
- If the soil surface does not remain wet, water your plant sufficiently.
- Repotting your bonsai if necessary. To learn more, read the guide of repotting a bonsai.
- Pinch the new shoots.
- Apply liquid organic fertilizer. That will prevent the overdose of fertilizer which causes burns in the roots.
Maintenance of Bonsai in the Summer
- Take out your bonsai.
- Water up to 2 times a day in summer. The watering of bonsai is done regularly by fine rain above the leaves (with a special bonsai watering can) when the surface soil is dry.
- Decrease fertilizer inputs.
Maintenance of Bonsai in the Autumn
- Wait until the soil surface is slightly dry before watering again.
- Water your bonsai as a fine rain over the foliage. Avoid stagnant water that can cause root rot.
- Add a special bonsai liquid fertilizer to the water (observe the dosages).
Maintenance of Bonsai in the Winter
- Decrease the watering frequency.
- Beware of the heating that dries the air. The bonsai appreciates a good hygrometry: put the bonsai pot in a deep saucer filled with gravel and a little water (to renew regularly).
- Do not give fertilizer to your bonsai.
Bonemeal, blood meal, and oil cake can be used in both dry or liquid form.
I would like to recommend to apply manure in liquid form
Liquid manure may be prepared by allowing decomposition of oil cake and chicken or cow manure in equal proportion for several days.
This should be applied just after reporting your plant and from the beginning of the growing season.
Here is the recommended cow manure-
This is the practice of removing all the leaves from a plant to force a new batch of foliage.
It encourages new leaves of smaller size and gives a fresh look.
Your plant must be kept in the shade. Just after or before defoliation no extra food should be applied.
The best time of defoliation is July-August or February-March.
Though it depends on your climate and the species of your bonsai.
Shoot pinching with sharp scissors or finger is done in bonsai plants which are grown flowering beauty.
Pinching is essential for getting the desired shape.
Perfect pinching makes your bonsai miniature.
It’s always better to keep your plants under constant supervision and take proper preventive measures against pests and diseases.
Application of pesticides at regular intervals.
Don’t apply any pesticides without know the proper dose and uses of the pesticides.
Some Popular Types of Bonsai
It maintains a height is not exceeding 15 cm(7.5-15cm). It also called “Mame” or “Fingertip” bonsai.
It reaches a height of 30 cm(15-30cm).
It has the most popular size between 30-60 cm in sizes.
60 to 100 cm are the large size bonsai.
‣ On The Basis Of Shape
Upright Formal (Chokkan)
In this style, a single specimen is green with the straight and upright stem.
Upright Informal (Miyogi)
The relaxed version of formal upright. Between Formal and Informal Upright Styles recommended the upright informal for a beginner.
Oblique Style (Shakan)
The plant is green in oblique position as if swept by the wind; the trunk line may be straight.
Winding Style (Fukinagashi)
The trunk is twists around near one or several times.
The trunk hangs over the edge.
‣ On The basis of No. Of Trunk
Twin Trunk (Sokan)
Two trunks come out from a single ball of roots.
Triple Trunk (Sankan)
Three trunks come out from a single root ball.
Multiple Trunk (Kabudachi)
More than five trunks come out from the single root ball.
Here is the list of few recommended bonsai plant that you can buy your next purchase-
There are many styles and shapes of bonsai. You should buy or try to shape that you like most. That’s why you must know about the types of bonsai.
So, educate yourself about your plant’s behavior and take care of your bonsai tree properly.